On Thursday, Oct. 20, in the Spanish city Segovia were opened the second meeting of the European Association of UNESCO World Heritage Site. List of natural and cultural attractions, created by the organization – a kind of quality mark, saying the traveler, it is definitely worth seeing. Taking this opportunity, “ExploreRussia.org” tells the story of Russian properties inscribed on the World Heritage register.
The Sikhote-Alin mountains are in the Primorsky Territory. It is home to rare animals such as Himalayan bear and Siberian tiger. Protected areas recognized as heritage of humanity in 2001.
On the territory of Tatarstan preserved ruins of the city, founded by the Volga Bulgars (Turkic tribes). In 1361 it was destroyed by the Golden Prince Bulat-Timur – fortunately, not completely. Till today has survived fort, which was recognized as a unique monument in 2014.
Wrangel Island – the northernmost of the UNESCO World list. It includes not only the island of the same name, but also the neighboring island of Herald, as well as the adjacent waters of the Chukchi and East Siberian seas. The islands are known for huge rookeries of walrus and the highest density in the world polar bear dens. Reserve declared in 2004 World Heritage.
One of the dominant features of Yaroslavl – Spassky monastery complex, which is often referred to as the Kremlin. Together with other historical buildings of the city was in 2005 declared a World Heritage Site.
Built in the royal estate in 1532, when the Kolomenskoye there was no in Moscow. World Heritage Church recognized in 1994.
Surprisingly, the deepest lake in the world was recognized as heritage of humanity is not one of the first natural attractions. UNESCO noted the uniqueness of this reservoir only in 1996.
In 1993, the main attraction added to the list of Sergiev Posad. The biggest Russian monastery was founded in 1337 and familiar look Lavra gained to the XVIII century, when there appeared a large part of the buildings that are available to the public today.
The mountains of the Western Caucasus, the territory of which is located, for example, the Sochi National Park and Preserve Riza, stretches from Anapa to Mount Elbrus. Here you can find a lowland terrain, and is typically alpine landscape with numerous glaciers. The UNESCO list includes the mountain in 1999.
Derbent is considered the oldest city in Russia. The first mention of it belong to the VI century BC, when it was called the Caspian Gates. Here is the citadel and fortifications, whose age is 16 centuries. In 2003, UNESCO recognized their exceptional historical monument.
It was under this name in the list of UNESCO in 1998 included three sections of the Altai Mountains: the Altai and Katun preserves and the Ukok Plateau. Despite the status of protected areas, there are still frequent cases of poaching.
Ferapontov Monastery in Vologda region began to build in the XV century. For centuries it was the most important cultural and religious center of the White Lake Region. Today, the monastery buildings, inscribed on the UNESCO list in 2000, a museum and the bishop’s courtyard Vologda archdiocese.
In 1996, the Kamchatka volcanoes were declared a World Heritage Site, and five years later expanded the protected area by UNESCO. There is concentrated a large number of active volcanoes, which makes this place unique, even by global standards.
The only Russian Kremlin, whose territory is adjacent to a church with a mosque located in Kazan. It began to be build in the tenth century, and more or less modern form it has acquired only six centuries later. Today the fortress, which is considered a heritage of humanity since 2000, is the main attraction of the capital of Tatarstan, and a favorite place for walking among the citizens.
The stunning beauty of its nature reserve is located in the north of Central Siberia, 100 kilometers above the Arctic Circle. Here you can see the untouched taiga, tundra and arctic desert.
In 1992, the World Heritage Site was recognized whitestone Monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal. Located very close to each other of the city – an ideal route for the weekend, a varied and non fatigue.
In 1990, one of the first in the list of Russia became the main square (with the Kremlin). In Moscow there are three places of interest marked by UNESCO – more than in any other region of the country.
Partially located in the territory of Lithuania’s Curonian Spit – one of the main natural attractions of the Kaliningrad region. Its length is 98 km and the width – from 400 meters at the narrowest point of up to four kilometers at its widest. Spit was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2000.
Another attraction of Moscow – Novodevichy Monastery – was created in XVI-XVII centuries. The monastery is a prominent representative of the Moscow baroque and is known for the fact that there were tonsured a nun woman from the royal family. The importance of the monastery to the world culture recognized in 2005.
The biggest attraction of the Russian list covers an area of 3.28 million hectares, including the flat tundra, alpine tundra of the Urals and one of the largest arrays of pristine boreal forests. These areas are protected by the state for the past 50 years, in the list of UNESCO included forests in 1995.
In Karelia, many go for the sake of Kizhi and Solovki. Both islands are part of a World Heritage Site. Kizhi churchyard, the monument of wooden architecture, was on the list in 1990.
Located in the largest region of the country – in Yakutia – pillars are located almost 200 kilometers from the national center. Excursions expensive here, but those who have been the pillars, they say, that did not regret the money spent. In 2012, a unique natural monument and UNESCO noted.
One of the most well-known not only in Russia, but because of outside attractions – the center of St. Petersburg. “Venice of the North” with its channels and more than 400 bridges included in the UNESCO list in 1990.
Another attraction, which Russia shares with other countries (total of three). Uvs Nuur Basin, partly located in the territory of Mongolia consists of 12 scattered sites, the common name. At the steppes local home to a huge number of birds, in the desert areas are rare mammals, and in the high part of the live snow leopard is listed in the Red Book. The basin was included in the UNESCO list in 2006.
The Solovetsky archipelago comprises six islands, and its total area is over 300 square kilometers. Despite the fact that it is located in the Arkhangelsk region, the majority of travelers sail here from Karelia – so convenient. Archipelago joined the list in 1992.
Hersonissos is familiar to anyone who has ever had a rest in Crimea. The ruins of the ancient polis, which is now part of Sevastopol, made in the UNESCO list in 2013.
“Struve Geodetic Arc” – a chain of survey triangulations stretching nearly three thousand kilometers on the territory of ten European countries from Hammerfest in Norway to the Black Sea. Appeared at the beginning of the XIX century and was used for the first reliable measurements of a large segment of a meridian. Created by her astronomer Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Struve, better known at that time under the name of Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve. In 2005, the landmark was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List.
In the IX century, Novgorod became the first capital of Russia. It is logical that it was included in the World Heritage Site of the first one. UNESCO has recognized its heritage of humanity in 1992.