The current exposition of the Diamond Fund of the country it’s a part of the entire state reserve of precious stones and metals is located on the territory of the Kremlin and is open to free access.
The most famous collection in the whole world consists of:
- From the state imperial regalia.
- From the works of jewelry art 18-19 cc.
- From historical stones. Of the medal marks of Russia.
- From the products of jewelers of the 20th century.
- Of the diamonds of Russian deposits.
- Also in its composition are rare gems and precious minerals, native gold and platinum.
History of the Found
The richest museum of the motherland was founded by Peter the Great. In the Room of His Imperial Majesty he collected all the property of the country. In its original form, it existed from 1719 to the middle of the 18th century, then was moved to the Diamond Room in the Winter Palace. The collection was replenished from two sources: the state treasury and gifts to monarchs. The most valuable symbols are the autocracy – the scepter, the power, the Great Imperial Crown, which can not yet be estimated because of its uniqueness.
During the reign of Elizabeth and Catherine the Second, the Diamond Fund was significantly enriched with diamonds and various ornaments, the first inventory of the exhibits was compiled.
Under Soviet power in 1919 things were put in order, evaluated and described by experts. Beggar Russia after the war, revolution and ruin needed money and put up for auction in Amsterdam some gizmos from the Diamond Fund.
The exposition is located in two halls
Unlike the mineralogical museum, you can see not just precious stones, but real masterpieces of art with their stories and legends.
In the first hall you can admire:
- A variety of precious stones.
- Artistic products made of precious and semi precious stones.
- The products of modern jewelers.
- Unique nuggets (Mephistopheles, Big Triangle, Camel).
Here is also a map of Russia made by diamonds and an exposition of diamonds from Yakut kimberlite pipes and Ural gems. A separate group is represented by giant specimens intended for cutting. Exposition “Russian gems” consist of:
In addition, the first hall shows modern art, documents on the achievements of the diamond industry in the Soviet years.
The second hall offers visitors to admire the values of the historical period and the products of jewelers of the 18th and 19th centuries, who before the revolution were listed among the crown values of the Russian Empire.
Most of them are made in classical style, Gothic and Rococo, in which the “Big Bouquet” with Colombian emeralds and Brazilian diamonds is made.
They were decorated with their dress Elizabeth. Also in the second hall are the works of Nozier and Duval, the famous French jewelers of the 18th century.
In addition, the museum can see decorations for the costume:
- Laces with stilettos and brushes.
- Patches, strewn with a variety of diamonds.
The treasures that are kept in Gokhran have a worldwide historical and artistic value.
The most valuable exhibits of the Diamond Fund
The collection of the fund includes about 70 items that survived the revolution. Since the discovery of the Yakut diamond deposits, all stones of more than 50 carats are sent to Gokhran.
Today in the exposition you can see seven historical gems:
- Diamond Orlov (190 carats) adorns the scepter of Russian monarchs. Found in India, has 180 faces, a greenish-bluish tide.
- Diamond Shah – yellow crystal of natural form without facing has the inscriptions of three of its former owners. (88.7 carats).
- Flat portrait diamond with a platform of 7.5 square meters. see is an ornament of a refined gold bracelet encrusted with emeralds. (25 carats).
- Red spinel – before the coronation of Catherine the Great took its place in the Great Imperial Crown, along with 5000 diamonds (crown weight over 2 kg). A stone of unique size, transparency and purity. (399 carats).
- Emerald stepped cut in a frame of diamonds is crowned with an amazing brooch. The stone was found in Colombia in the 15th century, and it hit Russia in the early 19th century. (136 carats).
- Sapphire from Ceylon is the largest in the world, decorated with a brooch of the 19th century. Cleanliness, transparency, color saturation combined with a unique cut amaze imagination. (260 carats).
- Chrysolite olive green is found on an island in the Red Sea. Thanks to the secrets of the cut, the appearance of the shining stone is created. (Over 190 carats).
In the 20th century, after the discovery of the Yakut diamonds, the collection was replenished with the diamond “Star of Yakutia” of 232 carats, “Big Bear”, “Progress”, “Great Beginning”. In addition to these amazing minerals in the Diamond Fund, you can look at the Little Imperial Crown, the power with the blue sapphire.
There are a lot of beautiful exhibits in the Diamond Fund. Similar can be seen in the Chambers of the Romanovs on Varvarka. A lot of beautiful royal things and unusual expositions will not leave indifferent even the most fastidious aesthetics.
An excellent example of an architectural masterpiece is the State Historical Museum. It’s just not so far away from the Diamond Fund.
Since the exhibition of the Diamond Fund is in the Kremlin, it is necessary to buy a ticket for passage to its territory in the box office located in the Alexander Garden (the Arbatskaya metro station). On the territory are two ways:
- If it is supposed to begin sightseeing with the Armoury Chamber / Diamond Fund, it is more convenient to go through the Borovitsky gates, located (to the right of the ticket office, if you look at them) near the tower with the star. Here the ticket is not required (it will be needed in the Armoury Chamber), just an inspection.
- You can enter the Trinity Gate. Check tickets are at the Kutafia Tower.
The Kremlin’s working hours in winter – from 10:00 to 17:00, in the summer – from 9:30 to 18:00 hours.
For the visit of the Armoury there are sessions for 10:00, 12:00, 14:30, 16:30 hours. The visiting hours of the Diamond Fund are from 10:00 to 18:00 with lunch from 13:00 to 14:00. Tickets for the inspection of the Diamond Fund are purchased directly at his ticket office.
The price of tickets:
To buy tickets to the Kremlin museums you can at the following prices:
In the Diamond Fund – 500 RUB (±8€)
In the Armoury Chamber – 700 RUB (±11€). (There are audio guide in English, French, German, Spanish, Chinese and Japanese, included in the price).
On the territory of the Museum-Reserve – 350 RUB (±5€).
Since the middle of April, the queue for tickets to the museum-reserve is increasing and you need to be ready to spend about 30-40 minutes.
The best time to visit the Kremlin
If the excursion with a visit to the Diamond Fund and the Armoury Chamber is planned for the summer morning (10-hour session), then it is necessary to arrive in advance, since the queue to the ticket offices will take 30-40 minutes. Near Borovitsky gate people usually accumulate from 10:00 to 11:00, at 12:00 and 14:00 (the beginning of sessions in the Armoury Chamber). At the entrance to the museum you will need to go through a metal detector.
Useful Tips! How to get into the Diamond Fund. The second half of the day is the best time to visit, since the probability of passing to the Diamond Fund is high. To do this, leaving bags in the storage room, go to the Borovitsky gate, go through a metal detector and follow along the building of the Armoury. At its end is the entrance to the Diamond Fund.
Ask the officer near the entrance if you can buy a ticket. He either misses right away, or asks to wait a little – tours are conducted as the group is filling up (20 people). After inspecting the Diamond Fund, you can go down the stairs without leaving the building, walk to the end of the corridor and get tickets to the Armoury inside the Kremlin from the administrator at the exit.
NOTE: You can not enter the hall with telephones, photo and video equipment. All things must be handed over to the hanger. Visitors stop at the storefront as the guide tells about the exhibits. Then everyone comes closer to the storefront and looks at the jewelry. Duration of the tour is 40 minutes.
Contacts and addresses:
Diamond Fund phone – 8 (495) 629-20-36.
Official site of the Diamond Fund of the Moscow Kremlin – www.gokhran.ru
Address – Diamond Fund, The Kremlin, Moscow, 125009