History of the Northern capital begins with the fortress of Peter and Paul. The need in the construction of the fortress occurred after victory was won over the Swedes in the Northern war. The fortress was founded in may 1703 in the Neva river Delta on the feast of the Holy Trinity. On the drawing worked himself Peter I and Prince Alexander Menshikov was called to supervise construction.
In 1706 begin to build stone structures, and also the Church of the Holy apostles Peter and Paul. It later becomes the stone Peter and Paul Cathedral.
Today it is still the burial vault of the Romanov dynasty, and here found their final rest the Russian tsars. The first was Peter the great, the last – Nicholas II.
Until the twentieth century the Peter and Paul fortress was the function of prison, according to the Imperial decision was placed here prisoners, regarded as dangerous state criminals.
Fortress in the shape of the island, its corners are bastions, which is a pentagonal fortification. The walls reach a height of 12 meters width — 20 meters, each bastion was fortified with 50-60 guns. Every bastion was watched and helped in the construction by separate assistants of Peter I, the name of each are named the bastions — Menshikov, Golovkin, Zotov, Trubetskoi, Naryshkin and Sovereign. The founding the final bastion was attended by Peter I. The bastions are connected by walls, which were built secret passages, they are called patterns, the fortress was also equipped with underground tunnels (Artemi).
The symbol of St. Petersburg — shot gun at 12 o’clock. Involved in this is only the Naryshkin Bastion.
The land protects ground shaft — Kronverk. On its scaffold were executed the leaders of the decembrists. Now, there is a bas-relief with their profiles.
The ideological and compositional core of the ensemble of the fortress is the Cathedral of the Holy apostles Peter and Paul. Laid it on 30 may 1712.
Referring to the interior and the exterior of the Cathedral, we can see a novelty of russian cult architecture. All attention is riveted to the carved and gilded iconostasis, as well as the inner porch of the altair — the main decoration of the Cathedral, they has been gave to the temple by Peter I and Catherine I. On the iconostasis worked himself Peter I. The composition of the iconostasis included five large niches with 43 icons which was painted in the years 1726-1729.
For a long time the Cathedral of Peter and Paul performed the function of monument of glory of Russian arms. For 200 years it served to hold the trophy banners and keys from cities and fortresses that were captured by Russian troops.
Since 1954 over the building took patronage of the State Museum of history of Leningrad.
How to get
Nearest metro station: “Gorkovskaya”
By tram: from the metro station “Sports”: tram No. 6, 40
Bus and minibus: from the metro station “Petrogradskaya”: bus No. 46, minibus No. 46, 76, 183, 223
Address Peter and Paul fortress: Peter and Paul fortress, 3
Phone: +7 (812) 230 64 31, 230 03 29
Mode: For visit the castle itself is open every day from 6:00 to 21:00. The Museum is open daily except Wednesday. While working most of the museums from 10 am to 19 PM.
The cost of the ticket: Visit the castle is free of charge, to visit the museums located in the fortress you can buy a single ticket. With it, you have the right to visit all the museums and temporary exhibitions, except the bell-tower. The validity of the ticket — 10 days.
Official website: http://www.spbmuseum.ru