Moscow Kremlin – a huge complex of historical, religious and cultural monuments in the center of the Russian capital. It is located on the Borovitsky hill above the Moscow River. Powerful walls and towers of the Kremlin, his gold-domed cathedrals, ancient palaces form a unique beauty. The grandeur of architectural ensemble is included in the List of World Cultural and Natural Heritage.
Moscow Kremlin – the oldest part of the city, throughout its history, the former center of the socio-political and spiritual and religious life of the city. Archaeological finds suggest that the first settlements on the territory of the Moscow Kremlin appeared in the Bronze Age (II millennium BC.)
The complex is the largest existing fortress in Europe, situated on the high left bank of the Moskva River (to Borovitsky Hill), at the confluence of the river Moscow by Neglinnaya River..
In architectural terms the Kremlin is an irregular triangle area of 27.5 hectares, south side which faces the Moskva River, the north-western – the Alexander Garden, the eastern – the Red Square. The walls, built in 1485-1495, respectively, have a total length of 2 235 m, a height of 5 – 19 m, width – 3.5 -. 6.5 m. Along the walls are 20 towers, the highest of which (Trinity) has a height of 79, 3m.
Today the Kremlin is the official residence of the Russian President.
On the territory of the Kremlin it is the State Historical and Cultural Museum-Preserve “The Moscow Kremlin”, which includes the following attractions:
- The Tsar Bell
- Tsar Cannon
- Assumption Cathedral
- Cathedral of the Archangel
- Blagoveshchensky cathedral
- Ivan the Great belltower
- The Spasskaya Tower
- Diamond fund
The territory of the Moscow Kremlin and its museums are open to visitors every day, except Thursday, from 10:00 to 17:00 hours. Tickets offices are located in the Alexander Garden, at Kutafia tower, at the Armoury and the Cathedral Square. The tickets office are open daily, except Thursdays, from 9:30 to 16:30.
- Works daily, except Thursdays, from 10:00 to 17:00 hours
- Official site: http://www.kreml.ru
How to get to the Moscow Kremlin:
- Metro Station: “Borovitskaya”, “Library Lenin”, “Alexandrovsky Sad (Alexander Garden)”, “Arbat”, “Theatre”, “Revolution Square “, “Okhotny Ryad”
- Bus: 25 (stop Red Square)
- Trolleybus: 8 (stop Red Square)